As the Door of Time was made wider in OoT3D, it is impossible to clip out of bounds to skip past the door. However, other methods such as wrong warping can be used to go back and forward in time without opening the door.
First, use Restricted Items to place Farore's Wind in the Market, enter Death Hole mode, and return FW. Then, simply enter the shooting gallery, then enter the Temple of Time, and draw the Master Sword. Note that you cannot have previously watched the Temple of Time intro cutscene; it has to be there in order to cancel Death Hole mode. If the cutscene isn't there then entering the temple will result in a blackscreen (which can be fixed by throwing a deku nut). Drawing or putting down the Master Sword in this state will crash the game (though the Light Medallion cutscene will play first if that has not already been watched). Due to requiring the area intro cutscene, this method can only be performed once per file.
This method is lenghty and requires using New Game+ Hammer to kill Volvagia.
In order to survive the hot areas it's recommended to get bottled fairys and Heart Containers. After getting Farore's Wind, set a warp to the Twins House in Kokiri Forest. Now A-Slide clip to Fire temple, get the small key, then the Boss key and finally kill Volvagia.
Now do the Restricted Items glitch to Farore's Wind Wrong Warp. If done correctly, you warp to the cutscene where Ganon thanks you for opening the Door of Time. After that you go to the Chamber of Sages like normal and get the Light Medallion.